About Akita

Akitas are extremely sensitive dogs. Good and firmness is the only way to effectively arrange their original character. Stacked Akita gives his owner full trust and is for him an undying friend. An extremely important feature is their “mastered language”, barking only in emergency situations, or when someone is interested in their area. They also react to unusual behavior of passers-by. In other cases, they calmly assess situations and do not relate to various comments from the bipedal world. Worse when it comes to other quadrupeds or different types of Noah’s ark contents. Training the calm in such cases is extremely difficult. Akita, however, are happy to live in a friendly relationship even with cats.

A bit of history

AKITA is a breed of hunters, Japanese spears, (fifth group FCI-255 – spitz and primitive races), originally intended for hunting big game – wild boar, deer and black bear and pulling heavy loads.

The ancestors of Akit came to Japan with the first wave of immigrants called Ainu and other settlers – from about 15,000 years BC. after 300 years of BC They were, among others animals in the type of peat dog from the continent, and widespread in Neolithic.

The direct ancestor of Japanese spears is considered to be Nippon inu, which is not much today, which was much smaller compared to modern Akitas. Akitas existed in the Japanese Islands 5,000 years ago and were accompanied by samurai. They occupy a permanent place in Japanese mythology. In the Japanese literature, the Akita is an old and native race, with the possession of which certain beliefs were associated. These dogs enjoyed great respect and were of great value “(quoted wikipedia.org/wiki/Akita).

During the Edo period, (1615-1868), the Satake clan supported the dog fights that were to enter the entertainment area of ​​particularly samurai. These fights were popular in the Odate district. Supporters of the fighting began to cross then matagi inu with local dogs, and the dogs which in time will be named Akita were then called Odate inu. After 1668, Akita’s ancestors were crossed with dogs that came from outside of Japan. Among others, with German Shepherd, German Dog and Mastiff. Which resulted in the loss of typical spike characteristics. Then they were crossed with Hokkaido and Karafuto (Sachaliński Husky). In the Taisho period (1912-1926), a movement to defend the purity of the race developed. Japanese zoologist Watase Shozaburo, the creator of the law on the protection of natural nature monuments, also joined the Akita race to protected objects. In 1927 the Foundation for Protection was established and in 1931, 9 Akita inu dogs were named “National Heritage”. The breed of dogs takes its name from the land of origin, i.e. from AKITA on Honshu and has been used since 1931. Before 1938, the breed standard was established and exhibitions were organized. It was decided to avoid dogs of large mass in breeding. However, another hard trial for the Akita breed came soon. The Second World War was the reason for the destruction of this breed (their skin was used to produce uniforms). The war survived 20 akitas, which became the breeding basis for the development of the breed.

The first akita arrived in Poland at the turn of 1989/1990 it was a bitch (Manatsu Rei), who did not leave offspring. Three years later, a red Akita dog with typical features of this breed came to us from the Netherlands. Currently in Poland Akita breeding deals with several dozen farms. For more on the origins of Polish Akitas, check www.dogutti.pl and www.akitybaza.freshsite.pl. Pedigrees with photos for the 9th generation can be found on the Croatian website: www.akitapedigree.com, which I highly recommend.

“Japanese Dog”
A ceramic statuette of a dog found during excavations in Japan. The time of its creation dates back to 8,000 years before Christ. The characteristic standing ears and curled up tail until today are the distinctive feature of Japanese dog breeds. The prototype of a Japanese dog?

Two legends

Akita and child …
Old Japanese messages talk about the practice of leaving children under the care of AKITY bitch, when the hostess (OKAMI) had to go to work in the field.

Royal Akita …
There is a story about Emperor Yuryaku (457-479 before Christ) who, passing through a certain place, noticed a building very similar to his palace. The cruel ruler immediately ordered to set fire and destroy it, so that nothing would be left of it. The owner does not know how to change the decision in despair, he decided to give the ruler one of his puppies, he chose the most beautiful one and gave it to the emperor. The ruler, impressed with the beauty of the puppy, showed his grace and stopped the order. The house was saved. This puppy (Akita’s ancestor) became a member of the royal guard. When someone wanted to turn to the royal Akita, he was obliged to use the special refund formula reserved for this breed. The dog’s guardian had to use a special outfit, while the dog had to wear a harness that indicated his social position. K

Faithful like Hachiko

On Shibuya, one of the districts of Tokyo, next to a large station, stands a pedestal, and staring at the crowd on it, as if he were constantly searching for his “master”, the faithful dog Hachiko. The dog belonged to professor Ueno Eisaburo, who every day parted with him before entering the station, and then after working hours greet him in the same place. Unfortunately, from May 21, 1925, the expectation of Hachiko ceased to end with a joyful greeting. The professor got a stroke at the university and died. Despite the passing days, the dog did not give up, when it was three o’clock, he watched the crowd carefully, counting on the return of his two-legged friend. The adventurous people began to take care of the dog waiting for his master. With time, Hachiko, looking out for his master’s return, became an ever greater symbol of fidelity. It is said that many young people promise to be faithful there. The end of unfulfilled expectation came only on March 7, 1934, or after nine years. He probably left in a dream in the same place where he had proved all through the years that loyalty was as important as life and death. In the same year, Hachiko took his bronze cast. As a result of hostilities, the cast was destroyed, but after the war in 1948, the faithful dog returned to his place of expectation and is still staring at the crowd of passers-by and travelers reminding of the fidelity by which he himself became so beautiful. In the picture next to the figure of Hachiko from the museum in Odate, Japan.

Akita’s use

In Japan, but also in the US, the Akita breed was used by humans to hunt large game, especially a bear. For many years, the Japanese have been training Akitas for work in Civil Service with great success. Also in Europe, Akitas have already proved their exceptional ability in this specialization. In January 2011, the Italian newspaper L’ECO Dl BERGAMO showed photos of Akita, (6-year-old Akiko from the Delle Bianche Vallate kennel), who took a lead on a kidnapped little girl. Previously, the trail was not taken up by a specialist dog imported specifically for this task from Switzerland and a specialized Labrador. Only the trail taken by Akita was confirmed by other dogs. For several years, Akiko has been working in the Italian Civil Service, helping victims of accidents, earthquakes and other tragedies.

More prosaic, although the presence of Akita dogs on the property is extremely useful. The ability to recognize the real danger to home and the calm presence of this Japanese every day is a great asset for people who want to feel safe without losing silence in the bypass. Legendary friendliness and loyalty of Akita dogs is not overrated, and it is also a great useful advantage.

Współczesny wzorzec rasy

Wiemy, że przed rokiem 1938 ustalono standard rasy i organizowano dla akit wystawy. Po Drugiej Wojnie Światowej zostało przy życiu około dwadzieścia akit. To z tej liczby rozpoczęła się powojenna droga rozwoju tego japońskiego szpica.
WRAŻENIE OGÓLNE: Mocno zbudowany pies, o harmonijnych proporcjach i wyraźnie zaznaczonych cechach płciowych. Obecnie w japońskich hodowlach szczególnym uznaniem cieszą się akity o lekko przydłużonym włosie tworzącym efektowną kryzę wokół głowy. Puszyste uszy harmonijnie wydobywają się z kryzy kontynuując delikatny łuk karku. Akita wyróżnia się szlachetnością, godnością i dumą. Temperament zrównoważony, wierny, posłuszny i otwarty.
PROPORCJE: 10 do 11 to stosunek wysokości w kłębie do długości ciała – od szczytu łopatki do zadu. Przy czym długość corpusu suk jest nieco większa niż u psów. Szyja gruba i umięśniona, bez podgardla, proporcjonalna do głowy.
TUŁÓW: Grzbiet – prosty i mocny. Lędźwie szerokie i umięśnione. Klatka piersiowa, głęboka, dobrze rozwinięta, żebra umiarkowanie wysklepione. Brzuch dobrze ukształtowany. Ogon dość wysoko osadzony, gruby, mocno skręcony nad grzbietem, wyprostowany sięga niemal stawu skokowego.
GŁOWA – zachowuje proporcje 4 do 6, długości kufy do mózgoczaszki, a jej wielkość jest proporcjonalna do wielkości ciała. Część czołowa szeroka z wyraźną bruzdą, bez zmarszczek.
KUFA: Umiarkowanie długa, mocna i szeroka, lekko zwężająca się. Ubarwienie kufy białe z jednolicie czarnym i dużym nosem. Pod oczami pożądane są czerwone znaczenia. czarnego pigmentu nosa akceptowany jest u białych psów, nie mniej czarny jest zawsze pożądany. Grzbiet nosa prosty. Wargi dolne i górne ściśle przylegają do siebie, nie tworząc tzw. „fafli” ( Rys. 1).

Rys. 6

Oczy prawie trójkątne w kształcie o orientalnym wyrazie. Wszyscy miłośnicy japońskich szpiców zachwycają się orientalnym wyrazem oczu akity. Stosunkowo małe, umiarkowanie szeroko rozstawione o ciemno brązowym kolorze, im ciemniejsze, tym lepiej. Podkreślone czarną kreską (górną i dolną) (Rys. 2 i 3). Policzki umiarkowanie rozwinięte i delikatnie zaznaczone. Zęby mocne ze zgryzem nożycowym. USZY stosunkowo małe, dość grube, puszyste, trójkątne z lekko zaokrąglonymi końcami. Umiarkowanie szeroko rozstawione i lekko nachylone ku przodowi.

Kątowanie powinno zachować charakterystyczny „kwadrat” plus wysunięta głowa. Puszysty ogon zakręcony i harmonijnie osadzony (nie za wysoko i nie za nisko). Równa linia górna grzbietu, bez wklęsłości lub wypukłości. Dolna linia powinna zachować właściwe „wcięcie” do pachwiny (Rys.4). Wzorzec akity z poprawnym kątowaniem przedstawia japońska statuetka akity (Rys. 5 i 6).

KOLOR. Podstawowe kolory akit to czerwony (rudy), biały i pręgowany. Wszystkie powyższe kolory za wyjątkiem białego muszą mieć “urajiro». (Urajiro to białawe umaszczenie po bokach kufy, na policzkach, po spodniej stronie żuchwy, szyi, piersi, tułowia i ogona, oraz po wewnętrznej stronie kończyn i uszu). Dopuszczalna jest biała plama na szyi, jednak nie może ona obejmować całej szyi. Według japońskich specjalistów rasy, plama maksymalnie może obejmować połowę szyi. Nie dopuszczalne są plamy u akit białych lub poza szyją. SZATA – Włos okrywowy szorstki i prosty, podszerstek miękki i gęsty; kłąb i zad pokryty jest nieco dłuższym włosem a włos na ogonie jest dłuższy niż na reszcie ciała.

PRZEDNIE: Łopatki: umiarkowanie ukośne i rozwinięte. Przylegające łokcie. Przedramiona proste, o mocnym kośćcu. TYLNE: Dobrze rozwinięte, silne i umiarkowanie kątowane. Wszystkie łapy: grube, okrągłe, wysklepione i zwarte. Ruch mocny i elastyczny.
WIELKOŚĆ: Wysokość w kłębie: psy: 67 cm, suki: 61 cm. Tolerancja do 3 cm w dół i w górę.
WADY: Wszelkie odstępstwa od wyżej wymienionych cech należy uznać za wady, których ocena powinna być traktowana proporcjonalnie do stanu odejścia od wzorca. Przykłady: Sucze psy / suki samcze; przodozgryz lub tylnozgryz; brakujące zęby; niebieski, czarny lub cętkowany język; krótki ogon; nieśmiałość.
Nie stojące uszy; wiszący ogon; długa sierść (długowłosość); czarna maska; znaczenia na białym tle.
UWAGA: Samce muszą mieć dwa, normalnie rozwinięte jądra, całkowicie opuszczone do moszny (por. WUAC)